Jala neti (nasal cleaning with water)
A special Neti Lota "neti pot" should be used. The lota may be made of plastic, pottery, brass or any other metal which does not contaminate the water. The nozzle on the end of the spout should fit comfortably into the nostril so that the water does not leak out. Even a teapot may be used if the tip of the spout is not too large or sharp. The water should be at body temperature and thoroughly mixed with salt in the proportion of one teaspoonful per half liter of water. The addition of salt ensures the osmotic pressure of the water is equal to that of the body fluids, thereby minimizing any irritation to the mucus membrane. If a painful or burning sensation is felt it is an indication that there is either too little or too much salt in the water.
Stage 1 (Washing the nostrils)
- Fill the neti pot with the prepared salt water.
- Stand squarely, legs apart, with the body weight evenly distributed
between the feet, and lean forward.
- Close the eyes for a minute or so and relax the whole body.
- Tilt the head to one side and slightly back.
- Begin to breathe through the mouth.
- Gently insert the nozzle into the uppermost nostril.
- There should be no force involved.
- The nozzle should press firmly against the side of the nostril so
that no water leakage occurs.
- Tilt the neti pot in such a way that water runs into the nostril and
not down the face. Adjust the body position to enable the water to pass
out through the other nostril.
- When half the water has passed through the nostrils, remove the
nozzle from the nostril. centre the head and let the water run out of
- Remove any mucus from the nose by blowing gently.
- Tilt the head to the opposite side and and repeat the process,
placing the nozzle of the lota in the other nostril.
- After completing this process the nostrils must be thoroughly dried.
Stage 2 (Drying the Nostril.)
- Stand erect.
- Close the right nostril with the right thumb and breathe in and out
through the left nostril 5 To 10 times in quickly succession,
emphasizing as in Kapalbhati Pranayama. Repeat through the right
nostril, with the left nostril closed. Perform once more through both
- Bend forward from the waist so that the trunk is horizontal.
- Repeat the same process as described above but tilt the dead to the
right, closing the right nostril. Repeat again, tilting the head to the
left and closing the left nostril. Finally, repeat again with the head
centered, breathing through both nostrils.
- Stand erect with the feet apart.
- Close the right nostril and exhale forcefully while bending forward
rapidly from the waist. Inhale normally while returning to the upright
position. Repeat 5 to 10 times.Repeat with right nostril open and then
with both nostrils open.
- This practice should take about 5 minutes. Neti may be practised once
daily or as recommended by a yoga teacher or therapist. To relieve
severe colds, nasal catarrh or other ailments, it may be performed up to
3 times daily.
- Jala neti removes mucus and pollution from nasal passages and sinuses, allowing air to flow without obstruction. It helps prevent and mange respiratory track diseases such as asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis and pulmonary tuberculosis.